Meteorology: October 2023, Hottest October on Record (Copernicus)

The European Observatory Copernicus announced on November 8 that October 2023 was the warmest October on record worldwide. 

The institute reported that October 2023 surpassed the previous record, set in October 2019 by 0.4°C, with an average global temperature of 15.4°C, describing the anomaly as “exceptional”.

According to the same source, October 2023 is “1.7°C warmer than the average October over the period 1850-1900”, before greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activities triggered climate change.

The October record is part of a series of monthly records that date back to June, which are expected to mark 2023 as the hottest year on record, surpassing the annual record set in 2016.

“We can say with near certainty that 2023 will be the warmest year on record,” stressed the Deputy Director of Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), Samantha Burgess.

The European Observatory also stressed that since January, the average temperature has been the warmest ever measured over the first ten months of the year, accounting for 1.43°C above the climate of the period 1850-1900.

It should be recalled that the Secretary General of the United Nations (UN), António Guterres, had previously reported that data from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the European Commission’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) affirms that July 2023 is set to be the hottest month in history.

During a press conference held on July 27 in New York, Guterres underlined that July has already recorded the hottest three-week period recorded in history, the three hottest days recorded, and the highest ocean temperatures during this season, emphasizing the extreme consequences of these rising temperatures.

“The consequences are clear and tragic; children swept away by monsoon rains, families running from the flames, workers collapsing in scorching heat,” stressed Guterres, adding that these consequences are disastrous for the plant. 

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